Coronavirus prevention: How to reduce transmission risk

Coronavirus prevention: How to reduce transmission risk

The global spread of new coronavirus means that many people will now need to take certain actions to help reduce its spread. The new coronavirus is now officially called SARS-CoV-2, which refers severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. This virus can lead to COVID-19 or coronavirus disease. You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple coronavirus prevention.

Tips for Prevention from the New Coronavirus and COVID-19:

1. Limiting Contact with Others

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend staying 6 feet away from the person who is coughing or sneezing. This is because, if an infected person sneezes or coughs, the nearby peoples can get infected from the virus. The new coronavirus sometimes have only mild symptoms to the person who is infected including children. Therefore, it’s important to avoid close contact or limiting the contact with others.

Some measures you can take to limit the contact with others for prevention from coronavirus include:

  • Staying home as much as possible and reduce visitors.
  • Avoid contact with anyone who is not a member of your household
  • Practice social and physical distancing by staying at least 6 feet away from others.
  • Do not meet the people who are sick
  • If possible try to work from home
  • Prohibit non-essential services including bars, restaurants and large gatherings of people.

2. Practice good hygiene wherever you are

Cough and sneeze in elbow, if you use tissue, throw it away immediately and avoid touching your face, mouth, nose and eyes especially with unwashed hands.

The new COVID-19 virus can survive for hours or even days on some surfaces. Touching a contaminated surface and then touching your face is most dangerous as you can get easily infected by the virus.

The virus cannot survive longer than 72 hours on plastic, and on stainless steel or cardboard it cannot survive longer than 48 hours. Therefore, everyone should frequently wash their hands with plenty of soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after:

  • Being in public places and touching elevator buttons, shopping carts, door handles, etc
  • Travelling on public transport
  • Coughing and sneezing
  • Blowing their nose

If a person is not able to wash their hands soap and water, then they can use a hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol.

3. Take precautions if you are living with someone who is sick.

If you are caring for someone who has respiratory symptoms then wear a clean and hygienic mask. Clean door knobs, counters, phones and tablets frequently with wipes or disinfectants for the prevention from coronavirus.

4. How to use a face mask properly

Face masks are only useful if a person uses them correctly. Take the following steps to use and dispose a face mask correctly:

  • Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water or even with a good hand sanitizer, before touching the mask or the face.
  • There should be no gaps between the face and mask. Make sure that the mask is properly fit and covers the nose and mouth.
  • Avoid touching the mask, while wearing it
  • Wash your hands if touched the mask
  • Avoid reusing single use masks
  • Remove the mask from backward by lifting the string, avoid touching it from the front
  • Wash the hands again after discarding the used masks into closed garbage bin

5. If you feel sick, follow these guidelines:

If you feel sick or experiencing a medical emergency such as severe shortness of breath or a very high fever. Firstly, isolate yourself and stay at home.  In addition, seek medical advice by having a phone call to your doctor or urgent care facility and explain your symptoms over your phone. Having a phone call will help to reduce the risk of the virus spreading to others.

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