What Is Dairy Technology?
Dairy Technology is a science and engineering field that explores milk and milk products processing. Dairy technology is a part of food technology and processing industry that involves processing, storage, packaging, distribution and transportation of dairy products such as ice-cream and milk by using the science of bacteriology, nutrition and biochemistry.
There are various dairy technology courses available for undergraduates and postgraduates. Candidates have an option to choose a degree or diploma course in dairy technology. Some of the popular dairy technology courses available are BTech, MTech, BSc, and MSc.
What is Eligibility Criteria for Dairy Technology?
There are various Dairy Technology colleges in India that offer undergraduate and postgraduate courses in dairy technology. Some institutions also provide dairy technology as a vocational subject.
The eligibility criteria for undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in Dairy Technology are listed below:
UG courses: Candidates needs to clear the 10+2 examination in Science stream with the minimum required percentage (usually 50% – 60%) as stipulated by a college/ university.
PG courses: Candidates should procure a graduation degree in dairy technology with the minimum required percentage (usually 50% – 60%) as stipulated by a college/ university.
Note: The eligibility criteria in Dairy Technology discussed above may differ depending on the policy of the higher education institution in which a candidate is applying.
Dairy Technology: Job Profiles & Top Recruiters
Dairy technology plays a major role in India’s agriculture-based industry. The rapid extension of dairy industry in India has led to a huge demand for skilled professionals in this field. Therefore, students pursuing a course in dairy technology have a lot of career opportunities in this field.
A graduate in dairy technology can apply for jobs in the private sector as well jobs in the government sector at places such as manufacturing firms, rural banks, milk product processing and dairy farms, etc. Graduates and Postgraduates can also consider working in various dimensions in the Dairy technology as given below:
- Dairy Scientist: A dairy scientist is responsible for overseeing a dairy farm/ organization/ company and manages its entire operation. The scientist also helps in increasing milk production and streamlining milk processing.
- Logistics and Distribution Manager: The logistics and distribution manager is responsible for organizing the storage and distribution of dairy goods.
- Dairy Quality Officer: The officer’s responsibility is to check the quality of each and every dairy product produced in the plant.
- Dairy Technologist: The individual is responsible for developing new and effective methods of production, preservation, and utilization of dairy products.
- Microbiologist: The individual is responsible for monitoring and studying microbes such as bacteria, viruses and fungi by using a variety of scientific and analytical techniques.
- Dairy Nutritionist: A dairy nutritionist is responsible for dietary management of dairy cattle herds. The main objective of a dairy nutritionist is to provide maximum production while maintaining overall herd health.
- Dairy Production Manager: A dairy production manager implements short and long term business plans and ensures optimizing the performance of the dairy farm/ organization/ company.
- Dairy Equipment Repairer: The individual is responsible for supervision, inspection, maintenance, diagnose, repair and testing of dairy equipment, using observation and mechanical skills.
- Mother Dairy
- National Dairy Board of India
- Indian Tobacco Company
- Metro Dairy
- Heritage Foods
- Hatsun Agro
Popular Dairy Technology Colleges in India
Given below are the most popular dairy technology colleges in India.
National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal: NDRI was established in the year 1923 in Bangalore as Imperial Institute of Animal Husbandry and Dairying. In 1947, the institute was renamed as National Dairy Research Institute and in 1955, the college was shifted to Karnal.
West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata: The institute was established in 1995 vide West Bengal University of Animal & Fishery Sciences Act, 1995 to impart education, training and to conduct research in dairy sciences and fishery sciences, veterinary and animal sciences and also to cater the needs of the farming community of the State of West Bengal.
Lovely Professional University, Delhi: The University was established in 2005 and also known as LPU. The popular courses available are B.Sc. and M.Sc. and is located in Delhi
Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Wayanad: KVASU was established by the Government of Kerala in December 2010. The University consists of 3 faculties and 8 constituent colleges. Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University has also received Chancellors award for the Emerging young University for two consecutive years (2016-17 and 2017-18).
Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai: The University was established in 1989 and is well known as Tanuvas. The popular courses available are B.E. / B.Tech , M.E./M.Tech and is located at Erukkancheri,Chennai.
Bihar Animal Sciences University: The University has been established at Patna through an act of Bihar State (BASU Act No. 15 of 2016, notified in the Bihar Gazette in 2016). Bihar Animal Sciences University (BASU) has 6 research institutes/ sub stations: Institute of Animal Health and Production, Patna; Government Goat Breeding Farm, Purnia; Exotic Cattle Breeding Farm, Patna; Central Poultry Farm, Patna; Government Cattle Farm, Gaya and Government Buffalo Farm, Sipaya (Gopalganj).
Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture Technology and Science, Allahabad: SHUATS was established in the year 2010 as Allahabad Agricultural Institute and it became the first Indian institution to serve a degree in the field of Agricultural Engineering. In 2016, it gained the status of a full-fledged university and serves as a public state agricultural university in Allahabad. It is established under U.P. Act No. 35 of 2016, as passed by the Uttar Pradesh Legislature.
The university has 7 faculties that include science, engineering and technology, theology, agriculture, management, humanities and social science and health sciences. These faculties encompass 60 academic departments, 15 constituent schools and four advanced research centres.
Anand Agricultural University, Anand: The University was established in 2004 with the support of the Government of Gujarat, Act No. (Guj 5 of 2004) dated April 29, 2004. . Currently, there are seven colleges, seventeen research centers and six extension education institute, working in nine districts of Gujarat namely Ahmedabad, Anand, Kheda, Vadodara, Dahod, Panchmahal, Mahisagar, Botad and Chhotaudepur.